Industry Terms

Find the definition for terms used within the Dawson website and throughout the industry.



very flexible, fast-setting, two-part epoxy adhesive that provides a strong, permanent bond even under vibration and impact



design of products, devices, services, or environments so as to be usable by people with disabilities



American with Disabilities Act (ADA) is a civil rights laws that prohibit discrimination against individuals with disabilities in all areas of public life, including jobs, schools, transportation, and all public and private places that are open to the general public


Air Pressure

the force exerted onto a surface by the weight of the air



a silver-white light metallic material that is easily worked, conducts electricity well, resists weather, and is the most plentiful metal on Earth



of metal, coated with a protective oxide layer by an electrolytic process in which the metal forms the anode



the vertical piece that runs between a set of double doors


AWS Certification

certification test examines and documents a welder’s ability to create welds of acceptable quality following a well-defined welding procedure


Balanced Door

a door where the panel rotates around a rolling pivot in an elliptical path to provide the widest possible opening with the smallest arc, balanced so that wind and stack pressures aid in the door opening


Butt Joint

a joint formed by two surfaces abutting at right angles



an instrument for measuring external or internal dimensions, having two hinged legs resembling a pair of compasses and in-turned or out-turned points


Cellular Manufacturing

a process of manufacturing which is a subsection of just-in-time manufacturing and lean manufacturing encompassing group technology. The goal of cellular manufacturing is to move quickly while making as little waste as possible


Center Hung

a configuration where a door is supported by and swings on a pivot that is recessed in the floor at a point located on the centerline of the door’s thickness; may be either single-swing or double-acting



refers to the covering (dressing up) of the exterior door unit


Close Tolerance

a precision CNC machining process designed to ensure a part or component is produced to precise specifications


CNC Turret

punch machining controlled by automatic positioning of the metal sheet beneath the tool and programmed selection of a variety of tools



a form of precision stamping in which a workplace is subjected to sufficiently high stress to induce plastic flow on the surface of the material


Continuous Hinge

these run the entire length of the door, providing maximum, uniform support for the heaviest of doors


Corrosion Resistant

the ability to prevent environmental deterioration by the chemical or electrochemical reaction



a cylindrical flat-bottomed hole that enlarges another coaxial hole, or the tool used to create that feature



a conical hole cut into a manufactured object, or the cutter to cut such a hole


Cross Rails

the horizontal structural member



a specialized tool used in manufacturing industries to cut or shape material mostly using a press


Door Jamb

side of the door frame that runs vertically



the very bottom part of the door frame that rests on the floor


Door Sweep

a piece of weather stripping at the bottom of the door that is weather-resistant and forms a seal between the door sill and the door frame- increasing energy efficiency



combines processes and procedures drawn from electrical engineering and mechanical engineering



carve, mold, or stamp a design on a surface or object so that it stands out in relief



a definitive fixed cross-sectional profile



creation of structures by cutting, bending, and assembling processes


Fiber Laser

a laser in which the active gain medium is an optical fiber doped with rare-earth elements



a projecting flat rim, collar, or rib on an object, serving to strengthen or attach to maintain position on a rail



the thickness, size, or capacity of something


glass stops

a glazing bead that holds the lower end of a glazing bar, preventing the pane from sliding down


glazing stops

the piece of millwork that butts up against the glass to hold it in place and comes in different profiles to achieve architectural detail appropriate for the style



a grating or screen of metal bars or wires, placed in front of something as protection or to allow ventilation or discreet observation



a property of matter by which it continues in its existing state of rest or uniform motion in a straight line unless that state is changed by an external force



International organization for standardization that develops and publishes international standards


load bearing

supporting much of the weight of the overlying parts of a building or other structure



each of a set of angled slats or flat strips fixed or hung



a gauge that measures small distances or thicknesses between its two faces, one of which can be moved away from or toward the other by turning a screw with a fine thread


miter joint

a joint made between two pieces of material at an angle of 90“, such that the line of junction bisects this angle



joined with a miter joint or seam



formed of a single large block of stone



a bar or rigid supporting strip between adjacent panes of glass


offset pivot

a pivot that allows a door to swing clear of the inside frame


panic hardware

designed to provide fast and easy egress to allow building occupants to exit safely in an emergency


pivot arms

a short shaft or pin supporting something that turns


powder coating

a type of coating that is applied as a free-flowing, dry powder. It is used to create a hard finish that is tougher than conventional paint


press brake

a machine pressing tool for bending sheet and plate material, most commonly sheet metal


return miter

an outside corner that results in a finished and professional look



a permanent mechanical fastener



fixed glass panels attached to both or either side of the door, outside the frame. The tall narrow windows allow more light to enter


solar radiation

the electromagnetic radiation emitted by the sun that can be captured and turned into useful forms of energy


Stainless Steel

a form of steel containing chromium, resistant to tarnishing and rust



the vertical piece in a frame of a paneled door or sash window


strike plate

placed on the door jamb where the hole for the bolt of the door and the bolt meet


tempered glass

a type of safety glass processed by controlled thermal or chemical treatments to increase its strength


thermal break

a thermal break is the result of a material with low thermal conductivity being placed between two high thermally conductive materials to prevent thermal bridging



a strip of material forming the bottom of a doorway and crossed in entering a house or room



the horizontal beam that separates the door from the fanlight or window above it



a part created from an assembly of smaller components that are joined by welding